The macula is a part of the retina in the back of the eye that allows us to have fine vision. The macula is the only part of the eye that allows us to read a book or look at someone’s face or look at a fly on the wall, Macular degeneration occurs when the macula degrades or “degenerates,” causing a progressive loss of vision. Patients with macular degeneration often describe it as a film in front of the eye. It is the number-one cause of blindness in the United States.
There are two kinds of macular degeneration: “wet” and “dry.” The “wet” form can be treated with laser or injections if caught in its early stages. The “dry” form is more common and progresses more slowly. It is treated with diet supplements. Regular eye exams are highly recommended to detect macular degeneration early and prevent permanent vision loss.